The explosion occurred at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant as a result of the destruction of the heat transfer system and the release of vapors of water into the reactor core. The catastrophic consequences have resulted from the experiment, which was to use thermal energy to rotate the turbine when the reactor was shut down in order to understand the amount of electricity powering the auxiliary equipment 4-Its power unit, available in the event of an emergency shutdown or lack of external connection.
Current versions of the story called into question the expediency of such a hasty experiment in an effort to complete it by the May Day holidays. But the staff of the station was convinced in the safety and positive results of the research they had no idea that this could end in a fatal worldwide disaster.
The explosions that have followed during the experiment completely destroyed the fourth reactor, destroying the core structure, resulting in the release of a huge amount of radioactive elements into the atmosphere. In doing so, part of the reactor and its fuel cells have melted under the influence of high temperatures. The fire stream has reached the bottom of the radioactive compartment.
In the first 10 days after the accident between 5% and 30% of the 192 tonnes of uranium-235 dioxide and other radioactive elements (fission products) found in the fuel cells (fuel cells) entered the environment. The main isotopes were strontium-90 (half-life ~29 years), cesium-137 (half-life ~30 years), americium-241 (half-life ~432 years), and plutonium-239 (half-life ~24 110 years).
The radioactive substances carried by the blast wave and hot air streams to a kilometer height destroyed the normal organic life in the surrounding area, continuing to spread by wind farther away from the crash site.
A cloud of radioactive elements has covered all Ukrainian Polesie, part of the regions of Belarus and Russia. Continuing his journey north it has reached areas in Sweden and Finland where an elevated radiation background was detected. Later, it has spread throughout Europe, capturing Poland, Denmark, Germany, and France, where radioactivity was also increasing.]
A total of 12 regions in Ukraine were directly affected by the Chernobyl disaster. More than 50,000 km2. – 74 districts with 2,294 settlements have been contaminated. The total number of victims of the Chernobyl technological disaster in Ukraine is more than 3.2 million people, including almost a million children.
On the 26th of April,1986, at 1:23 a.m., the HPV-2 post for the protection of the ChNPP received a fire alarm, and within a few minutes, the first calculations of the fire service of the ChNPP and the city of Pripyat arrived at the site of the crash. Under the command of Lieutenants V. Kibenk and V. Pratik, they began to shoot down the flames that had flared on the roof near the reactor compartment.
This timely action prevented the fire from spreading to Unit 3. By the morning, fire brigades from Chernobyl, Kyiv, and other nearby regions had arrived. Almost all of the heroes who entered this crucial moment in the fight against the flame and the deadly atom received huge doses of lethal radiation.
By 8 a.m on the 26th of April the firefighters had managed to shoot down the open flames at Unit 4 and prevent the fire from spreading throughout the ChNPP. The struggle against the inner hearth continued for two weeks and ended on the 10th of May. During this time a large number of equipment and rescue units were used. The military helicopters were used to extinguish the smoldering sections of the structure above the reactor.
When the accident happened there were 200 attendants at the station. The nine people sustained different degrees of burns, one died in the hospital room and three were brought in in extremely serious condition. The operator Valery Hodemchuk was killed from the explosion of the reactor. His body lies forever beneath the rubble of the 4th Power Unit of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station, which has become a memorable grave for him.
After an examination at the hospital, where 108 persons, including 20 firefighters were taken within 24 hours and 26 persons were selected with clear signs of radiation exposure. On the night of April 27, the seriously injured were sent on a special flight to the Moscow Radiology Clinic.
In the morning the 26th of April, 1986 at approximately 9.30 a.m. the MCC Central Committee received information about the accident at the Unit 4th reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power station. After double-checking the data about the disaster and receiving the confirmation, the report was sent to the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine Shcherbytsky. At 1:15 pm, with his signature, the message was received by the CPSU Central Committee.
On Sunday, the 27th of April, 1986 due to the emergency, all work on the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was stopped. The State structures of the KGB, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Defence and the Civil Defence have begun to mobilize all resources to eliminate the consequences of the man-made disaster and to ensure control and public order in the dangerous zone.
On April,27 at 2 p.m. on the decision of the Special Government Commission, the evacuation of 44,460 citizens from Pripyat began. For this purpose, 1,390 buses from Kyiv and the Kyiv region were used. The reserve included195 buses, 3 trains, and 2 river vessels. The evacuation took place in an orderly manner and was completed at 6:00 p.m.
On Monday, the 28th of April, 1986, the Radio Telegraph Agency of Ukraine (РАТАУ) transmitted a report prepared at the main office in Moscow (ТАСС) about the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station and the damage to one of the reactors. On Tuesday, the 29th of April,1986 “РАТАУ” reprinted a message from TASS, which referred more extensively to the leakage of radioactive isotopes, the first victims, and evacuation activities for the inhabitants of Pripyat and the surrounding area.
Then, on April 29, the magazine «Soviet Ukraine» on the third page informed its readers about the damage to the 4th power unit of the Chernobyl. The article also referred to measures to deal with the consequences of the accident, the establishment of a special commission, and the provision of comprehensive assistance to the victims. On the 30th of April, a special commission headed by Boris Shcherbina reported on the technogenic disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. It referred to the accident at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the shutdown and storage of all active reactors, the leakage of radioactive substances, and the plan to deal with the consequences of the accident.
On the 30th of April, 1986, representatives of foreign embassies began to arrive in Moscow to investigate the situation after the tragedy at the Chernobyl nuclear power station. Foreign Ministry officials met with representatives and diplomats of foreign countries for more than two hours. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs held a meeting with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
On the 1st of May, the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued instructions to the all-Union and republican ministries and departments that dealt with foreign citizens to conduct explanatory work among them in order to convince them of the health consequences of the Chernobyl accident and the inexpediency of leaving the territory of the USSR because of this incident. However, if the foreign national decided to leave the USSR, it was recommended not to obstruct his decision.
The secret agents working with foreigners were instructed to resist provocation and to behave with the utmost sensitivity. Only on May 14, 1986, the Soviet leadership made an official statement about the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station. By this time, an increased radiation background had already been detected not only in Europe but also in China, the Middle East, and Africa.
Hear detailed, and most importantly truthful information from the liquidators – BOOK THE TOUR
Chernobyl is a unique place on the planet. On the one hand, it is the epicenter of the largest man-made disaster in the history of humankind. On the other hand, it is a tourist magnet, attracting hundreds of thousands of Ukrainian and foreign travelers every year. Most of them are eager to see the place […]
The Chernobyl Zone and Pripyat annually attract thousands of tourists from all over the world who want to see the places where the largest manufactured disaster took place. Life in this area has stopped since then, and only thanks to experienced guides, excursions to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant became possible. Tourism in the Exclusion […]
The closure of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant dates back to 2000. It was then that the last power generating unit was shut down. Work is still underway to build the infrastructure to ensure the safety of employees. Today, more than 2.5 thousand people continue to work on the territory of the Chernobyl nuclear power […]
The exclusion zone in Chernobyl is not at all limited to the geography of the city. It includes about 2,600 km2 around the reactor of Unit 4. It occupies not only part of the territory of Ukraine, but also extends to the borders of Belarus. The background of ionizing radiation throughout the territory is non-uniform, […]
More than 30 years have passed since the accident at a nuclear power plant, and mankind is still reaping its bitter fruits. The exclusion zone occupies about 2.6 thousand square kilometers in Ukraine and Belarus. According to preliminary forecasts, the process of complete cleansing will take more than 20,000 years, but nature is already healing […]
The disaster that occurred in 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant stopped life in this area. But nature knows how to restore its strength. In the absence of people, the fish in the Pripyat River feels great and surprises visitors with its size. Chernobyl catfish are active scavengers and predators. Food for them can […]
People who are not familiar with the history of Ukraine often confuse two different settlements located in the exclusion zone. We are talking about Chernobyl and Pripyat. So, what is the difference between them and what unites them? Contrary to popular belief, these are completely different cities, residents of many countries got to know about […]
The exclusion zone near the notorious Ukrainian city of Chernobyl is a vivid example of how quickly nature regains its strength in places where humans have recently ruled. Every year more and more people want to get into this unusual place full of mysteries and see with their own eyes the legendary Chernobyl nuclear power […]
Every fan of extreme sensations would like to get to the site of the world’s largest atomic disaster at least once. You can make this dream come true by going on an organized excursion to Chernobyl from Kiev. Experienced guides will help you to experience the entire tense atmosphere fully and recreate a story that […]
Tour to Chernobyl is a completely new approach to travel. This is an opportunity to get unforgettable impressions, experience new emotions as well as take unique pictures from the picturesque corners of the Chernobyl exclusion zone. Many years later, they will remind you of an interesting adventure. What region of Ukraine does Chernobyl belong to? […]
A tour to Chernobyl was not even considered by the tourists in the first years after the accident – the zone embodied only fear. Visiting Chernobyl for common people became possible only after hard and long-term work on liquidation of the accident’s consequences. Chernobyl and Pripyat have attracted people from Belarus, other European countries, and […]
The widest scale nuclear catastrophe of the twentieth century is known as the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which had a big influence on the development of environmental problems. Although the exclusion zone is now reachable for visitors, and tours to Chernobyl and Pripyat are actively conducted for a long time, neither the […]
An unprecedented man – made disaster, an accident at a nuclear power plant, the largest in the 20th century both in scale and consequences, split our lives in half. When traveling on an excursion to Chernobyl people often ask the question: “Who is to blame for the tragedy that claimed thousands of lives?” The catastrophe […]
The spring of 1986 turned into a test and a tragedy for our people. Today’s excursion tours to Pripyat remind us that the Chernobyl accident has become a tragic story, the echoes of which have haunted us for 35 years. On the basis of the Chernobyl events, many feature films and documentaries, serials have been […]
Every year April 26 is a day of honor for heroes, liquidators of the accident at the Chernobyl plant. This day will forever go in the history of mankind as the date of one of the largest man-made disasters on the planet. Excursions are in great demand here. Chernobyl attracts lovers of history, an unusual […]
The 30-kilometer exclusion area is a unique place that attracts with its atmosphere, interesting history, and entourage of tens of thousands of people. Certified tours to Chernobyl are the best adventure for lovers of extreme and atmospheric photos. Will people be able to settle here over time, except for those who serve and work at […]
“Chernobyl” is a five-episode historical drama that tells about the massive accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986. It was liked by 96% of viewers from all over the world and received an incredibly high rating. After watching the film, many moviegoers were seriously interested in this page in history and wanted to […]
The explosion story at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant did not end in 1986, it continues to the present day. To protect the environment from leakage of radioactive substances from the destroyed fourth power unit, it was hermetically “packed” in a special sarcophagus. Tours to Chernobyl will reveal many secrets about it and about the […]
The site of the largest nuclear disaster in the history of mankind has long been included in the TOP tourist locations in Ukraine. Tens of thousands of tourists visit Pripyat every year, tours are always popular. There are a lot of objects to which the word “most” fits. It is an atmospheric abandoned amusement park, […]
The Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident showed that a peaceful atom can be deadly. For many years, the 30-kilometer tour area and the ghost town of Pripyat have served as a reminder of the cost of mistakes on the path of technological progress. Now this territory is accessible to visitors. Tours to Chernobyl and Pripyat […]
In April 2020, the whole world followed events in the tour area, a large-scale fire destroyed everything in its path: forests, abandoned villages, cemeteries. Fortunately, the disaster did not reach the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. What has survived in the Chernobyl area and what is the situation there now? A tour to Pripyat with professional […]
Radiation is everywhere. Being present in small quantities in food, surrounding objects and air, it is not harmful to health. After all, even a living nature around had developed in radioactive conditions. Without color, taste and smell, our senses are unable to “detect” radiation. However, during a tour to Chernobyl, it is important to assess […]
The Chernobyl disaster has become one of the ‘loudest’ man-made disasters in the history of mankind. Experts say that this was not the first atomic incident on the territory of the USSR, but the first tragedy, the consequences of which could not be hidden. On April 26, radiation entered the environment for a rather long […]
The theme of the evacuation of cities and villages from the 30-kilometer zone of Chernobyl has overgrown with myths and legends. Someone is sure that people were taken out in one day, and someone claims that the police drove them to their cars. In this article we will tell you how everything really happened. If […]
White spots are usually called chapters of history unknown to science or unexplored territories on the map. Hardly anyone will argue with the fact that the Exclusion Zone is one of the few places on the planet that should be considered ‘black spots’. Chernobyl remains a reminder of the tragic accident, and at the same […]
The Chernobyl zone is the first place in the world where people can see how radiation changes the natural environment. And this novelty gives rise to numerous myths – both about the Exclusion Zone itself and about the disaster of 1986. If you decide to book excursions to Chernobyl, it will not be superfluous to […]
April 26, 1986 was the day when the history of human civilization was divided into ‘before’ and ‘after’. Before that, people believed that they received a source of unlimited energy, harnessed the atom and defeated nature. Only after, they realized how deeply they were mistaken. Today excursions to Chernobyl are considered to be extreme. If […]
After the explosion at the 4th block of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, 60 tons of radioactive substances got into the environment. To eliminate the consequences of the disaster, 500 thousand Ukrainians and Russians were mobilized. The liquidators were faced with very important tasks: to collect the debris, carry out decontamination, cut down the forest […]
If you think that after the accident the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was stopped, then you are mistaken. The station was closed only on December 15, 2003. And even today – in 2020 – people are still working there. However, yesterday’s power engineers have turned into undertakers: they do not extract energy, but dismantle the […]
In 1986, a fire broke out at the nuclear power plant in the city near the river Pripyat. It was possible to repay it only in 10 days. As an outcome of this, 60 tons of radioactive waste was thrown into the air, hundreds of thousands of people moved away from their homes, and millions […]
Although the events occurred at the ChNPP was not the first at this facility, the repercussions turned out fatal. The incident was provoked by violations committed during conducting experiments on an emergency supply system from a turbine generator operating by inertia. It was planned to previously shut down the emergency cooling system during testing. However, […]
Over the course of more than thirty years, such a huge number of myths, legends and conspiracy theories have formed around the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant that it’s impossible to fully understand them for many decades. It is especially interesting that the majority of people are sure that secret experiments in Chernobyl […]
For over thirty years, while hearing the name “Chernobyl”, the only association that comes to mind – a disaster at a nuclear power plant. When someone says, “it was before or after Chernobyl,” we immediately understand what this is about. However, it wasn’t always so. Until the 26th of April, 1986, everything was different: Chernobyl […]
It is believed that the best time to travel around Ukraine is the spring-summer-early-autumn season. Though in winter, Ukrainians fly away en masse to “warm lands”. Nevertheless, the “annual” sea sooner or later gets bored… If you belong to the category of people who are fed up with “package” tours, then book tours to Chernobyl […]
The disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power station occurred more than 30 years ago, but it is too early to call these events “history”, as long as we still know too little about them! In this article, we will answer 7 questions about the Exclusion Zone and show where you can book a tour to […]
A lot of Ukrainians think that Pripyat is a river that flows through the area of the Exclusion Zone, and Chernobyl is the main town “affected” by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station. In fact, Pripyat is not just a river, but also a city-satellite of a nuclear power station. It is situated […]
Memory and knowledge are the main values for a person. Without them, neither a full life nor further development is possible. This is particularly true for the lessons of history, which are better to learn once and not repeat again. After all, the consequences of forgetfulness can be disastrous. And the excursion to Chernobyl itself […]
More than 33 years have passed since the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station occurred. Over 200 thousand square kilometers have been contaminated with radiation. Today these lands are the home to about 5 million people in Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and Poland. The most polluted were 2,500 square kilometers, which were cut off from […]
Chernobyl is a name that the whole world has known about for 30 years. The most progressive Soviet city with an average age of population only 26 years old. It was a pearl of Soviet urban planning with a bright, promising future that never came. On the night of April 25-26, 1986, an accident occurred […]
The explosion of the 4th power unit at the Chernobyl nuclear power station took place on the 26th of April, 1986. It was accompanied by the release of enormous volumes of radioactive material. This was the first such large-scale man-made disaster in the world. Its consequences are still afflicting. Over 100 thousand people of the […]
The Chernobyl blast turned out to be one of the vast monstrous man-made disasters in the history of mankind. This event shared the history of our civilization into ‘before’ and ‘after’. Before the incident, people believed they had ‘tamed’ the atom. Then they realized that there are no winners in the ‘war’ between man and […]
Do you think the Exclusion Zone is a deserted and dead place? No! Eagles, foxes, lynxes, deer, wolves, moose, wild boars, hares, storks, owls, and many other animals and birds live here. Even the representatives of the ‘Red Data Book’ species live in Chernobyl, which were last seen in nature at the beginning of the […]
There is hardly a person in Ukraine who has not heard about the Chernobyl accident of the 1986 year. Most also know that as a result of this catastrophe, a city called Chernobyl was completely evacuated. In fact, today the small town Chernobyl can be called conditionally inhabited, as about two thousand people work on […]
On April 26, 1986, an ecological catastrophe took place in Ukraine, which changed the history of human civilization. Due to the explosion and subsequent ignition of the fourth reactor, tons of nuclear fuel and radioactive substances fell into nature. Many radioactive elements that were released into the environment on the day of the accident have […]
Chernobyl is perceived in different ways. A forest where mutant animals live – this is how it is shown in the game “Stalker”. The territory where physical anomalies are found – this is the place presented in the film of the same name. The zone as “the cornerstone of history” is the world of the […]
As a result of the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, 190 tons of radioactive substances and 8 tons of nuclear fuel fell into nature. Nevertheless, over a hundred thousand people attend the Exclusion Zone every year. Today, visiting this area is absolutely safe for health, but not living there. Let’s figure out why […]
In the spring of 1986, the Earth”s history changed forever. If earlier the scientists all over the world dreamed of a “peaceful atom”, now they are talking about the fact that mankind should abandon nuclear power plants. On April 26, employees of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant obeyed the orders of their superiors and conducted […]
If you’ve watched the HBO series “Chernobyl”, then the thought of visiting these places must have settled in your head. Because watching the series and personally exploring what is left of abandoned cities is a fully different experience. If you are a fan of extreme sports and a light atmosphere of danger, you definitely need […]
There are three ways to get to the abandoned territory yourself: on your own, with the help of the stalkers, who bring extreme lovers illegally, or with the help of the trained and licensed tour operators. They provide group and individual legal trips to Chernobyl. In the first case, you should take care of border […]
On Saturday night the 26th of April, 1986, when the clock was set at 1.24 a.m. The explosion occurred at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant as a result of the destruction of the heat transfer system and the release of vapors of water into the reactor core. The catastrophic consequences have resulted […]
Some tragedies never end. The Chernobyl accident happened 34 years ago, but its consequences still remind us. An area of 2,600 square kilometers in Ukraine and Belarus, which is part of the exclusion zone, will be contaminated over the next 24,000 years.AndtheenvironmentalproblemsinChernobylarestilltopical. The nuclear accident at Chernobyl and disaster at Fukushima in Japan are the […]
Despite the horrifying events at Chernobyl NPP that occurred in 1986, the flow of tourists only increases over time. Fascinating sceneries of Pripyat, post-apocalyptic atmosphere, and spirit of the past – there is no such unique place on our planet. And if some guests of the zone want to visit Pripyat and Chernobyl without any […]
The exclusion zone is striking in contrasts. Here a person will not be able to live for another 100 thousand years. An impressive figure, isn’t it? Despite this, excursions to Chernobyl are absolutely safe. During the day, a tourist receives a “dose” of about 3 microsieverts per hour – no more than during a regular […]
It is very difficult to disappoint in a tour that takes place in a place like the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Even if the guide says little, if the guide doesn’t have an interesting album with photos, if the transport looks like a “marshrutka”… Entering the zone you get into an unique atmosphere, someone remind you […]
The officially established area of the Chernobyl exclusion zone is 260 hectares of land, forestoccupies 70 per cent. A few years later, after the accident cutting down and selling forest and it became a lucrative business for many entrepreneurs, even though only sanitary logging is legal in this area. But who’s out guarding the Chernobyl? […]
The largest man-made and humanitarian disaster of the 20th century is considered to be the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. The environmental impact has left an indelible mark in an area where anomalous Chernobyl animals are often found. Even now, specialists from all over the world are trying to eliminate the consequences of […]
Safely and comfortably at 101% There is a dosimetric control 3 times a day It is more a rule than a necessity, but it’s still you will pass the dosimetric control three times: – At lunchtime in the canteen of the Chernobyl NPP No. 19 – “Lelev” checkpoint, when leaving the 10-kilometer zone – “Dityatki” […]
Before the accident, Chernobyl and Pripyat were the most advanced towns. In these townspeople lived and didn’t live in poverty but who knew that the human error could lead to such a catastrophe that would take so many lives and which would cause more than 115 thousand people to leave the place where they were born, where they […]
The loyalty Discount Program – 10% discount for a group of 3 people. If you book a one-day tour – small groups, and you three or more people, you automatically receive a discount – 10%. When booking a tour, the discount is calculated automatically. For a two-day tour – full immersion discount – 5% – […]
What do you know about the arch «Radar» which is located in Chernobyl? Having read this text to the end you can find out what this object is, why was it created and why doesn’t it work now. You can find all the answers to these questions below… So, let’s begin … If you are even […]
Many companies write that their goal is to show people what the Chernobyl zone is, what it is … We all know that this is not so, the main goal of any business is profit, but you cannot successfully develop your business if you do not love your client and not be honest with him. […]
147 top locations + HBO locations The best locations for taking photos and videos, visiting all the infamous objects. The Chernobyl Zone is beautiful, you cannot count all the locations that are worthy of the tourist’s attention, but each of them has its own fan, a tourist who wants to see this particular location … […]