An unprecedented man – made disaster, an accident at a nuclear power plant, the largest in the 20th century both in scale and consequences, split our lives in half. When traveling on an excursion to Chernobyl people often ask the question: “Who is to blame for the tragedy that claimed thousands of lives?” The catastrophe doomed millions of people to suffering, forced them to live in constant anxiety for their future, for the fate of their children and subsequent generations, changed their environment and even psychology. We will talk about this further.
These are completely different eras for the population of Ukraine before Chernobyl and after. The details of the disaster were described in detail at the sixtieth meeting of the Verkhovna Rada by Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine Vasily Vasilyevich Durdinets. According to him, the accident was absolutely unpredictable and occurred during the tests of one of the design safety systems in 1986 and no one really knew how to deal with the spread of radiation.
The tests began at one hour 23 minutes 4 seconds and after about half a minute the operator pressed the emergency stop button of the reactor. After that, all the absorbing rods of the protection control system began to sink into the reactor.
The leadership of the USSR was not ready to understand the problems caused by Chernobyl which led to unacceptable delays in decision – making.
The emergency evacuation of large masses of people from especially polluted cities and villages of the 10 and 30-kilometer zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant began only a few days later.
The course of liquidation of the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster can be conditionally divided into three stages:
It took a lot of money and effort to eliminate the accident and it ruined a large number of human lives itself. But is it possible to find the culprit for what happened?
Naturally, the station management was blamed for what happened. Viktor Bryukhanov was the director of the incident at that time. He was found to be the main culprit. During the trial, which took place in 1987, 30 people were officially considered dead from the explosion and its consequences. Bryukhanov was found guilty of their death and he was also charged with insufficient provision of safe operation of the nuclear power plant. The defendant received 10 years in a strict regime colony.
Nikolai Fomin who was the station’s chief engineer and his deputy Anatoly Dyatlov also received 10 years in prison for negligence, violation of instructions and allowing other plant workers to ignore the strict rules for operating the reactor.
Alexander Kovalenko, the head of the reactor shop, Boris Rogozhkin, the shift leader on that ill – fated day and Yuri Laushkin, an inspector of the USSR Gosatomtechnadzor were involved in the case, too. All of them were accused of carrying out an uncoordinated test program of the reactor, which led to the explosion according to the court.
The defendants were sentenced to 5, 3 and 2 years in prison and all the materials of the case were classified.
The burning of tens of tons of graphite in the destroyed reactor caused an increase in the amount of radioactive substances in the upper layers of the atmosphere and fire extinguishing means adequate to the nature of the fire were not available at that time not only in the USSR, but throughout the world.
The fire was tamed only thanks to the heroism and self – sacrifice of firefighters and operational personnel on the fourth block of the station.
The result of the fire was the contamination of air and water for hundreds of kilometers around. After Chernobyl, people died and continue to die. First, a lot of those directly involved in the liquidation left. Radiation sickness is difficult to treat. Then the children began to get sick, not only those who felt the radiation on themselves, but also those born in Kiev and near Pripyat in the year of the disaster. Thyroid cancer is the main disease in exposed children or their parents.
The ecology has suffered incredibly. Only 30 years later, some species of plants and animals began to revive which almost disappeared under the influence of radiation. Fauna and flora have not been able to fully recover in the exclusion zone.
You can take an excursion to Chernobyl by contacting our company Trips to Chernobyl. We offer official tours that are allowed by Ukrainian law. Trips can be organized in groups of 5 – 15 people. We will make sure they are safe, comfortable and fun.
An excursion to Chernobyl from Kiev is an opportunity to visit the most popular locations of the exclusion zone, given that:
A Chernobyl excursion from Kiev can include Sherpa rides or extreme shooting tours for thrill seekers. If the client wishes, it is possible to organize an air tour. It is enough to choose the type of service on our website, the date on the calendar and wait for the manager’s response. We will answer quickly and provide you with comprehensive information.
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The loyalty Discount Program – 10% discount for a group of 3 people. If you book a one-day tour – small groups, and you three or more people, you automatically receive a discount – 10%. When booking a tour, the discount is calculated automatically. For a two-day tour – full immersion discount – 5% – […]
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