Radiation is everywhere. Being present in small quantities in food, surrounding objects and air, it is not harmful to health. After all, even a living nature around had developed in radioactive conditions. Without color, taste and smell, our senses are unable to “detect” radiation. However, during a tour to Chernobyl, it is important to assess the level of radiological hazard. A special device called dosimeter will help with this.
Compact, relatively inexpensive, commercially available and easy to use are all the advantages of the dosimeter. The device is characterized by measurement accuracy and will become a reliable assistant during a tour to Pripyat.
Converting radiation into an electrical signal, the dosimeter shows a quantitative value, the flow power of ionizing particles. That is, the display will show the data on the radiation dose per unit of time, expressed in microsieverts or milliroentgens per hour.
Sievert is a unit of measurement adopted in the International System of Units (SI).This is the equivalent dose, determined by the radiation accumulated by a kilogram of biological matter. In simple words, at what rate the accumulated particles become dangerous to health and life. This takes into account the correction for the hazard factor like alpha, beta or gamma radiation.
X-rays are more familiar to us. The conversion formula is simple: 1 sievert equals 100 roentgens. Therefore, if the radiation dose expressed in microsieverts is displayed on the screen of the device, it is enough to multiply the number by 10 to convert it into milliroentgens.
There is no corner on Earth which is protected from radiation. We face it every day. Of course, it is also present in the tour area. The good news for tourists is that the tour to Pripyat is no more dangerous than a flight on board of an airplane. Thus, the amount of radioactive particles accumulated during the tour can be compared with the radiation dose received in two hours of flight. Even an X-rays visit in a hospital is more dangerous, better to say a hundred times more dangerous.
During a tour to Chernobyl, you can find out the radiation level of an object using a dosimeter at any time.
First, it is necessary to measure the radiation level of the environment. With a few meters from the object, hold the device for 30 seconds or a minute. It is worth noting that indoor radiation levels are higher than outside. So, a safe natural radiation level on the ground fluctuates within 8-12, and in the room – 15-20 microR / h. Next, place the device at a distance of no more than a couple of centimeters from the object. The correct result will be obtained after subtracting the ambient radiation from the indicator.
Since the nature of the radiation is dynamic, numbers may vary. The most accurate results can be obtained by making three measurements without turning off the device.
It is important to control two indicators of radiation:
To determine the dose, you need to use a dosimeter. A radiometer will help in measuring the level, an example of which is a Geiger counter. The radiometer will allow you to determine the level of activity of radionuclides in a sample regardless of its physical state: solid, liquid or gaseous.
It is more important for a person to know what dose of radiation he received. But in order to understand how safe a location or object is, you need to determine the level of radiation.
There are also 2-in-1 devices. Despite the functionality of the dosimeter-radiometer, its accuracy is somewhat lower.
Tours to Chernobyl are interesting and informative. It is an affordable way to spend your leisure time. Make sure of this by checking out the cost of tours to Chernobyl. Choose the best option for one or two days, private visits or as a gift certificate.
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