The Chernobyl blast turned out to be one of the vast monstrous man-made disasters in the history of mankind. This event shared the history of our civilization into ‘before’ and ‘after’. Before the incident, people believed they had ‘tamed’ the atom. Then they realized that there are no winners in the ‘war’ between man and nature. Today, every Ukrainian can order a Chernobyl tour and visit the deserted ghost towns that are located near the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. What caused the disaster that led to the mass evacuation? In this article, we will tell you all the reasons and alternative versions.
Attention! Do you want to finally find out why the explosion happened at Chernobyl? The trip to the Exclusion Zone will be memorable forever, because the guide will explain all the incomprehensible technological moments of the accident.
We know the accident happened on the day of the experiment. The Chernobyl NPP employees wanted to know how long the reactor would be able to operate ‘on inertia’ when it was cut off. After the accident, the USSR State Commission made out the situation and ‘discovered’ that the ChNPP executives and operators were guilty of everything. Its findings were confirmed by the IAEA Advisory Committee. Professionals found that the catastrophe was the result of an ‘unlikely coincidence’ – ignoring the rules, as well as putting the reactor in an ‘unregulated state’.
The researchers considered: the experiment was staged ‘at any cost’, and did not pay attention to the state of the structure at all. Moreover, corrected systems were taken out of work, which would ‘freeze’ the reactor before it became uncontrollable. It should be noted that the IAEA commission built its theory on materials provided by scientists from the USSR. The members of the international organization were also guided by the recommendations of Soviet specialists…
If you want to visit the Chernobyl nuclear power plant today, book a tour to Pripyat for 1 or 2 days. During the tour, you will observe the 4th reactor!
However, 5 years after the affliction, the Gosatomnadzor commission found out that the mistakes made in the design and construction of the system also influenced the course of the accident. Later, it became clear that:
After the investigation was completed, many charges were dropped from the Chernobyl NPP employees.
The explosion was caused by the ‘end effect’. Experts tried to shutdown the reactor by immersing graphite rods (CPS) into the core. This should have slowed down the reaction, but due to the ‘end effect’ (immersion of the rods leads to a short-term burst of activity), which the ChNPP personnel did not know at that time, an accident occurred. In addition, at the time of the experiment, there was also a ‘positive feedback’ in the reactor – an increase in power provoked its further increase. The ChNPP operators were not informed (!) That this effect is possible at low power.
Later on, all actions of the power plant employees were analyzed. As a result, it turned out that not all of their decisions contradicted the instructions. Operators were not supposed to ‘bring’ the flow rate through the MCP above the limiting parameters, turn off the emergency cooling system of the reactor by order of the senior engineer, and continue working with a small operational reactivity margin. In other cases, the personnel either acted according to instructions (and here arise a number of significant questions about the quality of Soviet instructions), or did not have enough necessary information to avoid mistakes.
Attention! Today, the radiation background in the Exclusion Zone is the same as in Kiev. But the water, soil, plants and objects that once belonged to local residents contain radioactive elements that will pose a danger for hundreds of thousands of years. Book a tour to Chernobyl! Reviews from travellers will help you find out what to see in this amazing place.
Both in 1986 and in our time, the authorities responsible for it are responsible for the investigation of the accident. It is almost impossible to establish the truth in such conditions. Now, it is impossible to completely restore the disaster scenario. It is still not known what should be considered the ‘starting point’ of the process – the very start of the experiment or the fact that the reactor was not shut down when the power was reduced? There are also three ‘alternative’ versions of the explosion:
As you can see, specialists do not even know if there is fuel in the reactor. And if so, how much is there. It is not strange that, with such a lack of information, versions about a tectonic shock, a deliberate terrorist act and an attack using geophysical weapons appeared.
How was it really? We will know about this only in the future. Today, our responsibility is to realize that we are in charge of nature. After all, it’s time to admit that every blow dealt to her comes back to us like a boomerang.
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The loyalty Discount Program – 10% discount for a group of 3 people. If you book a one-day tour – small groups, and you three or more people, you automatically receive a discount – 10%. When booking a tour, the discount is calculated automatically. For a two-day tour – full immersion discount – 5% – […]
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147 top locations + HBO locations The best locations for taking photos and videos, visiting all the infamous objects. The Chernobyl Zone is beautiful, you cannot count all the locations that are worthy of the tourist’s attention, but each of them has its own fan, a tourist who wants to see this particular location … […]